8.1   TERMINATION

      (a) This Agreement may be terminated by either Party by its giving one hundred twenty (120) days notice to the other Party in the event of failure by such other Party to fulfill any of its obligations under this Agreement; provided, however, that if during the period of such notice, such other Party remedies such failure, this Agreement shall continue with the same force and effect as if such notice had not been given .

 

- 계약 불이행 사항은 120일 내 치유하지 않으면 계약 해지됨. 120일은 다소 관대함. 보통 30~60일 정도임.

 

      (b) This Agreement may be terminated by Licensor in the event that Licensee become owned and controlled, directly or indirectly, by a competitor of Licensor in the business of manufacturing Licensed Products.

 

- 실시자가 경쟁사에 팔리거나 직간접적으로 경영권이 넘어가면 계약 해지됨

 

      (c) Licensor may terminate this Agreement forthwith in the event of the liquidation, moratorium, bankruptcy or insolvency of Licensee, the attachment, sequestration or other similar judicial acts on all or substantially all of Licensee's assets, the nationalization of the industry which encompasses any of the Licensed Products, any suspension of payments hereunder by governmental regulation, or the existence of a state of war or national emergency in China. Such termination shall be without prejudice to any other rights or claims Licensor may have against Licensee.

 

- 기타 계약해지 조건으로서 실시자의 파산 등의 사유를 언급.

 

      (d) In the event of expiration or termination of this Agreement for any reason other than Licensor's breach of its material obligations hereunder, Licensee's right under Article 3 shall cease and Licensee shall promptly cease the manufacture and sale of the Licensed Products and, in accordance with Licensor's request, return or destroy the Technical Documentation.

 

- 실시자 귀책의 계약 해지시 사후 처리를 규정

 

8.2   IMMEDIATE PAYMENT

 

      Unless this Agreement is terminated due to Licensor's breach of its material obligations hereunder, Licensor shall not be liable to Licensee for damages of any kind on account of  termination of this Agreement, as provided herein, whether such damages result from loss through commitments or obligations, from loss of investments or of present or prospective profits or from inability to meet obligations or from any other cause. Termination of this Agreement shall not relieve Licensee from its obligation to make all payment called for under this Agreement. Upon expiration or termination of this Agreement for any reason, all outstanding payments payable by Licensee hereunder shall accrue and become immediately due and payable to Licensor. Nothing in the Agreement shall prevent either party from enforcing the provisions thereof by such remedies as may be available in lieu of termination.

 

- 실시자 귀책의 계약 해지시, 공여자 면책 조항 및 즉각적인 로열티 지불 의무를 규정

 

KASAN_국제계약, 영문계약, 특허실시, 영업비밀, 기술이전 라이선스 계약서에서 계약종료 TERMINATION 조

 

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작성일시 : 2019.06.04 10:00
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11. REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES.

11.1 The Parties ’Representations and Warranties.

Each Party hereby represents, warrants and covenants to the other Party, as of the Effective Date (or as of the Closing Date in the case of Section 11.1(h)), that:

(a) such Party (i) is a corporation duly organized and validly existing under the laws of its jurisdiction of organization, and (ii) has full power and authority and the legal right to own and operate its property and assets and to carry on its business as it is now being conducted and as it is contemplated to be conducted by this Agreement;

 

(b) such Party has sufficient legal and/or beneficial title under its intellectual property rights necessary for the purposes contemplated under this Agreement and to grant the licenses contained in this Agreement;

 

(c) such Party is not aware of any pending or threatened litigation, nor has it received any notice of claim, alleging that it has violated or would violate, through the manufacture, import and/or sale of Licensed Products hereunder, or by conducting its obligations as currently proposed under this Agreement, any intellectual property or other rights of any Third Party;

 

(d) to such Party’s knowledge, all of its employees, officers, independent contractors, consultants and agents have executed agreements requiring assignment to such Party of all inventions made during the course of and as a result of their association with such Party and obligating the individual to maintain as confidential the Confidential Information of such Party;

 

(e) such Party has the power, authority and legal right, and is free to enter into this Agreement and, in so doing, will not violate any other agreement to which such Party is a party as of the Effective Date and such Party has maintained and will maintain and keep in full force and effect all agreements and regulatory filings necessary to perform its obligations under the Agreement and, during the Term, such Party shall not enter into any agreement with a Third Party that will conflict with the rights granted to the other Party under this Agreement;

 

(f) this Agreement has been duly executed and delivered on behalf of such Party and constitutes a legal, valid and binding obligation of such Party and is enforceable against it in accordance with its terms, subject to the effects of bankruptcy, insolvency or other laws of general application affecting the enforcement of creditor rights and judicial principles affecting the availability of specific performance and general principles of equity;

 

(g) such Party has taken all corporate action necessary to authorize the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement;

 

(h) such Party has obtained all consents, approvals and authorizations of all Regulatory Authorities and other Third Parties reasonably deemed necessary by such Party to be obtained in connection with the execution and delivery of this Agreement and the performance of its obligations hereunder;

 

(i) the execution and delivery of this Agreement and the performance of such Party’s obligations hereunder: (i) do not conflict with or violate any provision of the certificate of incorporation, bylaws, limited partnership agreement or any similar instrument of such Party, as applicable, in any material way; (ii) to such Party’s knowledge, do not conflict with, violate or breach or constitute a default or require any consent under any indenture, mortgage, contract or instrument to which it is party or by which it is bound; and (iii) to such Party’s knowledge, do not conflict with, violate, or breach or constitute a default or require any consent under, any requirement of Applicable Laws or court or administrative order by which such Party is bound;

 

(j) except in connection with or related to the settlement between Licensee A and the United States Department of Justice, announced on September 1, 2010, neither such Party, nor any of such Party’s employees, officers, independent contractors, consultants or agents who will render services relating to Licensed Products: (i) has ever been debarred or is subject to debarment or convicted of a crime for which an entity or person could be debarred under 21 U.S.C. Section 335a; or (ii) has ever been under indictment for a crime for which a person or entity could be debarred under said Section 335a. If during the Term a Party has reason to believe that it or any of its employees, officers, independent contractors, consultants or agents rendering services relating to Licensed Products: (x) is or will be debarred or convicted of a crime under 21 U.S.C. Section 335a; or (y) is or will be under indictment under said Section 335a, then such Party shall immediately notify the other Party of same in writing; and

 

(k) such Party currently has no research or development project, or agreement with any Third Party, that, in such Party’s reasonable scientific or business judgement, (i) requires or is likely to require changes to the Development Plan attached hereto as Exhibit 4.1, or (ii) is likely to interfere with such Party’s ability to enter into and perform its obligations under this Agreement.

 

11.2 Representations and Warranties of Licensor M.

Licensor M hereby represents, and warrants and covenants to Licensee A, as of the Effective Date, that:

(a) Licensor M is the sole and exclusive owner of all right, title and interest, in, to and under the Licensed Intellectual Property in the Territory;

 

(b) M is the sole and exclusive owner of all right, title and interest, in, to under the Licensed Intellectual Property necessary or useful in the Manufacture of Licensed Products;

 

(c) M has sufficient rights to grant the rights and licenses granted herein, free and clear of any security interests, claims, encumbrances or charges of any kind that would conflict in any material respect with the rights and licenses granted hereunder;

 

(d) M has not assigned or granted to any Third Party any rights under the Licensed Intellectual Property that cover Licensed Products in the Territory except as granted to independent contractors in the ordinary course of business in connection with M's research, Development and Manufacturing of Licensed Products, and consistent with the terms and intent of this Agreement;

 

(e) (i) M has not received any written notice from any Third Party asserting or alleging that any Development, Manufacturing, or Commercialization of the Licensed Products has infringed or misappropriated any Patent or intellectual property right of such Third Party, (ii) to the knowledge of M, the manufacture, use, offer for sale, sale or importation of Licensed Products in the Territory has not infringed and, as of the Effective Date, will not infringe, any Patent of any Third Party or misappropriate any technology of any Third Party, and (iii) there are no pending, and, to the knowledge of M, no threatened, adverse actions, suits, arbitrations, litigations, or proceedings of any nature, civil, criminal, regulatory or otherwise, in law or in equity, against M or any of its Affiliates alleging that the Development, Manufacture, Commercialization or other exploitation of Licensed Products has infringed any Patent, or misappropriated any intellectual property right of any Third Party;

 

(f) to Licensor M’s knowledge, the issued Patents within the M Patent Rights in the Territory are valid and enforceable;

 

(g) all applicable maintenance and renewal fees with respect to the M Patent Rights in the Territory have been paid and all documents, and certificates required to be filed for the purpose of maintaining such M Patent Rights have been filed;

 

(h) to Licensor M’s knowledge, no Third Party has asserted that any Licensed Intellectual Property is invalid or not enforceable;

 

(i) (i) other than as disclosed by M in writing to A prior to the Effective Date, none of the M Patent Rights, were developed with federal or state funding from any Governmental Authority, (ii) no Governmental Authority has any march in rights or other rights to use the Licensed Intellectual Property in the Territory, and (iii) neither the execution and delivery of this Agreement nor the performance hereof by M will result in the breach of, or give rise to, any right of termination, rescission, renegotiation or acceleration under, or trigger any other rights under, any agreement or contract to which M is a party, or to which it may be subject, that relates to the Licensed Products;

 

(j) no written communication has been received by M from any Third Party that alleges, and there is no pending litigation that alleges, that (i) any issued M Patent is invalid or unenforceable as of the Effective Date, or (ii) any patent application included in the M Patents, if issued, would be, invalid or unenforceable;

 

(k) to the knowledge of Licensor M, no Third Party (i) is infringing any M Patent Rights or has misappropriated any M Know-How, or (ii) has challenged the ownership, scope, duration, validity, enforceability, priority or right to use any M Patent Rights (including, by way of example, through the institution of or written threat of institution of interference, re-examination, review, supplemental examination, derivation proceeding, protest, opposition, nullity or similar invalidity proceeding before the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office or any analogous foreign entity) or any M Know-How;

 

(l) the Licensed Intellectual Property licensed to Licensee A hereunder constitutes all of the intellectual property rights Controlled by M that are necessary for A to Commercialize Licensed Products in the Territory;

 

(m) to Licensor M’s knowledge, M has complied in all material respects with all Applicable Laws in the prosecution and maintenance of the M Patent Rights in the Territory;

 

(n) all of Licensor M’s and its Affiliates’ employees, officers, and consultants/contractors involved in the research, Manufacture or Development of Licensed Products are and have been obligated to assign to M or such Affiliate, as the case may be, all Inventions claimed in the M Patent Rights and to maintain as confidential the Confidential Information of M or such Affiliate, as applicable; and

 

(o) all inventors of any Inventions included within the M Patent Rights and M Know-How have assigned their entire right, title, and interest in and to such Inventions and the corresponding Patents and Information to M and have been listed in the M Patent Rights as inventors.

 

KASAN_특허기술, 영업비밀 실시허락, 기술이전, 라이선스 영문계약서에서 진술 및 보증조항 REPRESENTATI

 

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작성일시 : 2019.05.31 16:00
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1. 특허권에 대한 전용실시계약 체결, 특약사항 및 등록 상황

특허권자 회사로부터 공기정화제특허발명의 등록 특허권에 대하여 전용실시권을 설정받으면서 특허권자 회사에 대해 귀사의 승낙 없이 특허를 임의대로 사용하지 않겠다는 사전승낙 조건을 추가하였습니다. 그 후 라이센시는 특허등록원부에 전용실시권 등록을 마쳤지만, 위 계약상 제한사항을 특허등록원부에 등록하지 않았습니다.

 

2. 실시권자 라이센시의 계약상 특약조항 위반

실시권자는 특허권자의 승낙 없이 임의대로 특허권을 실시하였고, 특허권자는 전용실시권 설정 계약위반, 전용실시권 설정계약범위 외의 실시행위로 특허권침해에 해당한다고 주장하면서 실시권자 라이센시를 형사고소하였습니다.

 

3. 특허법 규정

특허법 제100(전용실시권) 특허권자는 그 특허권에 대하여 타인에게 전용실시권을 설정할 수 있다. 전용실시권을 설정받은 전용실시권자는 그 설정행위로 정한 범위에서 그 특허발명을 업으로서 실시할 권리를 독점한다.

 

특허법 101(특허권 및 전용실시권의 등록의 효력) 다음 각 호의 어느 하나에 해당하는 사항은 등록하여야만 효력이 발생한다.

1. 특허권의 이전(상속이나 그 밖의 일반승계에 의한 경우는 제외한다), 포기에 의한 소멸 또는 처분의 제한

2. 전용실시권의 설정·이전(상속이나 그 밖의 일반승계에 의한 경우는 제외한다변경·소멸(혼동에 의한 경우는 제외한다) 또는 처분의 제한

3. 특허권 또는 전용실시권을 목적으로 하는 질권의 설정·이전(상속이나 그 밖의 일반승계에 의한 경우는 제외한다변경·소멸(혼동에 의한 경우는 제외한다) 또는 처분의 제한

 

4. 법원판단 특허침해 불성립

법원은 전용실시권 설정계약상의 제한사항을 등록하지 않은 경우, 그 제한을 위반하여 특허발명을 실시한 전용실시권자에게 특허법 위반죄가 성립하지 않는다고 판결하였습니다. 법원은 실시권자의 전용실시권 설정계약을 위반한 계약상 민사책임은 인정될 수 있지만, 등록되지 않는 특약사항으로 전용실시권자의 실시권한을 제한할 수 없다는 입장에서 전용실시권자의 특허실시행위는 특허권 침해에 해당하지 않는다고 명확하게 판결하였습니다.

 

5. 대법원 2013. 1. 24. 선고 20114645 판결 요지

특허법 제101조 제1항은 다음 각 호에 해당하는 사항은 이를 등록하지 아니하면 그 효력이 발생하지 아니한다.”고 하면서, 2호에 전용실시권의 설정·이전(상속 기타 일반승계에 의한 경우를 제외한다변경·소멸(혼동에 의한 경우를 제외한다) 또는 처분의 제한을 규정하고 있다.

 

따라서 설정계약으로 전용실시권의 범위에 관하여 특별한 제한을 두고도 이를 등록하지 않으면 그 효력이 발생하지 않는 것이므로, 전용실시권자가 등록되어 있지 않은 제한을 넘어 특허발명을 실시하더라도, 특허권자에 대하여 채무불이행 책임을 지게 됨은 별론으로 하고 특허권 침해가 성립하는 것은 아니다.

 

6. 등록주의 여부에 따른 구별

대법원 판결은 전용실시권이 그 설정등록으로 발생, 소멸, 변경된다는 등록주의에 따른 것입니다. 그 기초인 전용실시권 설정계약 위반을 이유로 그 계약이 해지되었는지 여부와는 명확하게 구별하였습니다.

 

그런데, 미국 특허법과 우리나라 특허법은 전용실시권의 발생 및 소멸에 대해 다른 입장을 취하고 있습니다. 따라서, 실시권자 라이선시의 실시권 설정 계약위반 사안에 대해 특허침해 책임여부에 관해서도 서로 다른 결론에 도달할 수 있습니다. 예를 들어, 미국사안과 같이 전용실시권자의 라이선스 계약위반행위가 있더라도 유효한 전용실시권 등록이 존속하고 있는 한 licensee의 계약위반에 따른 책임은 별론으로 하더라도 적어도 특허침해는 성립하지 않습니다. 반면, 미국법원은 계약위반책임과 별개로 특허침해도 가능하다는 취지입니다.

 

KASAN_특허 전용실시권 허여계약의 특약사항 등록 여부와 특약위반 실시행위의 특허침해책임 관계 – 특약사항 미등록

 

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작성일시 : 2019.05.31 11:30
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